We have officially closed out 2016, thus the need for another peek into the equity portfolio. As many of you know that have been reading for any length of time, every month I put together a very detailed financial report that details out gross income, expenses, net worth, savings rate, and progress on the 7 year 3 month mortgage pay off goal. Since the report already pushes 3,000 – 4,000 words a month, I thought it would be more appropriate to provide details of the equity portfolio in an entirely separate post.
Also, I don’t really see the benefit of updating this on a monthly basis, quarterly should be just fine.
One of the guiding tenets of this blog is that of FULL TRANSPARENCY. This is another step in living up to the high standards we set here at GYFG.
This will serve several purposes:
- It will force me to analyze the performance of my portfolio.
- It gives you a better view of what is under the hood.
- It will also provide some visibility around where the increases come from. Too many people overestimate their returns and forget about new money contributions, company matches, dividends, etc.
Breakdown of Portfolio Performance [12/31/16 vs. 12/31/15]
Note: This represents 3 separate pre-tax brokerage accounts. We don’t currently have any money in after-tax brokerage accounts. In 2017 it is very likely that I will add our HSA account to this mix, since it is a pre-tax account. I do plan to potentially start putting some after-tax dollars to work, and am still deciding if I want to commingle and include in this analysis or not (TBD).
You may have noticed in the title of this post that the portfolio is up 21% in 2016, and I will be the first to admit that this is a bit misleading at first glance. But never fear, I will be breaking down the components of where the gains came from and will also be comparing the performance to the S&P 500 as my benchmark.
For many of you this will be your first time seeing a waterfall chart. If this is your first time I hope you like the visual of how the portfolio grew and what made up the gains.
Now let’s breakdown the buckets…
2015 Ending Balance = $121,400
[+ $18,000] Contributions – 2016 Contributions to Mr. GYFG 401K. We lost the tax advantage this year for Mrs. GYFG and stopped contributing to her IRA. We may need to reconsider this once I can do some more research on the backdoor Roth IRA (Josh over at BigLawInvestor.com is really putting my fire to the fee on this one).
[+ $5,523] Option Premium Collected + Closed P&L – This is representative of the option premium I’ve collected for selling cash secured puts, covered calls, other option selling strategies, and any other realized gains from closing stock positions (I have been called on a few of my covered call positions).
[+ $3,736] 401K Matches – At this time I am the only one in the GYFG household that has a qualified retirement plan through work that offers contribution matches. Last year the company I work for offered 25% on up to 6% of your income. This year it has increased to a 50% match, but it will only be on up to 4%.
[+ $1,869] Dividends/Interest – One of the rules I use when selling covered calls or puts is to only do this on stable companies with a long history of paying dividends, and a dividend rate of 3% or greater. It is just another way I look to increase my margin of safety in the event that I am exercised and forced to take a stock position from short puts. It also helps to reduce cost basis on long covered call positions, until the stock is eventually called away. The interest is very minimal and comes from interest on cash sitting in my brokerage accounts.
[- $3,594] Current MTM Gain/(Loss) – This has decreased from the end of year MTM loss of $4,500 in 2015. I will detail them later in the post. This is a little misleading by itself, because the premium from the $5,523 above offsets these open MTM losses.
2016 Ending Balance = $146,933 [+ $25,533 or + 21%]
Now that you can see the detailed breakdown you realize that a large part of the portfolio increases came from new contributions (again). When you back out the contributions you are left with the investment gains.
Note: I include the 401K match as an investment gain. It is not money I contributed and I don’t distinguish it from market gains.
This leaves a gain of $7,533 or 5.4% (this is up slightly from Q3’s reading of 3.9%).
The gain excluding 401k matches was 2.7% (or ~$3,800). But I will also point out that I don’t take into account the timing of adding new money to the portfolio, so the return is not time weighted, and is thus understated. But I would rather keep this simple. It’s really just not that important to me right now.
This compares to the return of the SPY (ETF representing the S&P 500) of 9.6% before dividends or 12% with dividends. The good news is that I have a positive return and the 5.4%, the bad news is that I significantly under-performed the benchmark by -6.6% when you include dividends.
Note: the SPY gain was calculated taking the December 2016 closing price of $223.53 and total return here.
What is the Current Make-up of the Portfolio?
First and foremost I should remind you that of the $146,933, only about $100,000 is actually invested. The rest is sitting in CASH.
I have changed my tune a bit on strictly following the 4 tier system to deploy cash. I have decided that it makes sense to compliment this 4 tier system with monthly dollar cost averaging, so I have set all future contributions to the 401K to invest in the SPY index fund that is available (made this change in late Q3). In addition to that, I did deploy some of that idle capital from Q3 in Q4, which you will see in the position list below.
Current Open Positions
- CAT – Covered Call; 100 Shares
- OIH – Covered Call; 100 Shares
- PG – Covered Call; 100 Shares
- PFE – Covered Call; 100 Shares
- WMT – Covered Call; 300 Shares
- SPY – Covered Call; 100 Shares
- KO – Covered Call; 500 shares
- SQ – Covered Call; 100 Shares
- VZ – Covered Call; 300 Shares
Well there you have the 2016 portfolio update (you can see the last update here). One day I will also include performance of my P2P investments, REIT’s, and Rental Real Estate. I may even create a separate post series. I have not decided yet…if you have an opinion, please let me know.
How did your portfolio do in 2016? What is your plan for 2017?
– Gen Y Finance Guy
I’m going to be contributing 10% to my 401k after getting my bonus in February. I’m mostly in domestic equities. Eventually, I want to buy dividend stocks, but at this point, I’m more concerned with not overextending myself in terms of risk.
You have a large cash position ($100k+, some of that for your $105k investment) and I think you are on to something. I might share similar thoughts: if I find a solid deal or investment to buy in to, it makes sense to have a decent amount of cash on hand to take advantage of it!
A lot of people are worried that the equity market is at an all time high. I don’t really care; looking out 10-20 years, we could be wayyyy higher than we are now.
Erik – 10% is a good amount to be stuffing away in your 401K. I made that my only investment priority until I got that thing maxed out. The earlier in your career you can get this habit in place the easier it is. It is now a set it and forget type investment. In the early days I would have had to contribute 30% of my income to max out my 401K, these days it only takes 7%, so it gets much easier over time.
Re: Large Cash Position
You will see a massive decline in cash in my January report, with about $150,000 leaving my checking account to various places ($105K to the investment I mention). I love the optionality that cash gives you to take advantage of opportunity. Now it’s time to re-build the war chest.
That looks like a healthy portfolio to me!
Right now we’re paying down our student loans, which have interest rates between 3 % – 6.5%. It makes more sense for us to focus on debt right now in lieu of heavy investments. We do contribute to a 401k and a Roth IRA, so at least we’re using time on our side in that way.
Sounds like you guys have a plan, and that is what matters most, taking steps to improve your financial situation.
My Roth and IRA did pretty well in 2016. I’m definitely a little worried about the immediate future of the markets though and have been 100% cash for the last month.
My plan for 2017 for equities is to get on board with your covered call strategy. Great way to play it a little safer in turbulent times, but still be in the market.
I love covered calls for the margin of safety the provide.
Options is something I want to start doing in the future when we have more money to play with. Until then, I’m primarily just investing in index ETFs and funds. Reading your blog has been very helpful in investing besides what places like Money or Kiplinger’s might only recommend.
I actually just calculated this the other day for my wife and I. We managed to save 18% of our income in 2016 towards retirement. My wife is self employed so we’ve always maxed out a Roth IRA for her. I have a company 401k with a match, but this year I opened and maxed out a Roth IRA for the first time. I also increased my 401k contributions by 3% this year. Like you said, once you start saving it’s shocking how much easier it becomes to sock away even more.
I do the backdoor Roth IRA and my company makes it super easy for me to do so. My husband also doesn’t have access to a 401k at work but he’s thinking about setting up a solo401k. I’m also thinking about paying him a bit to help with blogging. Haven’t figured this out yet but it’s part of the 2017 plan.
At some point I have it on my list to transfer my current IRA to a solo 401K so that I can do the backdoor Roth IRA conversion as well.