Mailbag #1

From the Mailbag #1 – Savings, Investments, Credit, and Debt

In General Information by Gen Y Finance Guy10 Comments

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Today we start a new series that I thought would be a fun and interesting addition to the blog. As the blog has continued to grow over the past 15 months, the amount of emails I receive from readers has sky rocketed in volume. I started to think that if one reader has these questions, then there are probably others that have the same questions, but are to shy too reach out. 

So, “From the Mailbag” is born. I don’t know how often I will publish these just yet, but enjoy them as they come.


From Chas

I am 28. I make around 40k after taxes. I expect a 2 percent increase per year. I have 3k in my 401k. I get a 4 percent match, so I have the 401k set at 4 percent (at 50 cents on the dollar). I have a 5k cd. I have about 15k in a money market. I have 1k automatically going in to my money market and plan on leaving it this way. I pay 1300 in monthly rent and bills.

I have 36000 student loan debt with 6 percent interest. I have no other debt but I have no other assets except and old paid off car.

My credit is 629 and I’m using a secured credit card with a $300 limit to increase credit score. I pay off what I spend on a daily basis.

Any advice on improving this mess and setting myself up for a wealthy financial future? My goal is to live a comfortable life, travel some, and retire with at least 2.3 million. Of course I would like to be debt free and have good credit.

I’m considering investing in a Wealthfront personal investment account and government bonds to offset inflation from my savings. Would I be better off paying off all student loans or focusing on investments? Should I increase savings in my pre-ax 401k? Do you recommended better ways to use my money? Any ideas on increasing credit?


Hey Chas,

Thanks for reaching out. The first thing I would do if I were in your shoes is open up a FREE account with Personal Capital in order to easily see and manage all of your financial information in one central place.

IncomeI think you can do better than 2% raises every year. That is what the average person can expect, but I don’t think you want to be average. Otherwise you would not have reached out to me. What line of work are you in? Why do you only expect 2%? Have you thought about starting a side hustle? Start thinking about ways you can increase your income both from your day job and on the side. I don’t know anything about the company you work for or how long you have been there, but sometimes you have to leave the company in order to get a higher salary.
 
401KI like that you are taking advantage of the FREE 4% match. You are better off than a lot of people I talk too. Most people can’t seem to understand that a match of 50% on 4 percent of your income is still a 50% return. There are not many places you are going to get that kind of return.
 
Money MarketThis is essentially your rainy day fund that is super liquid and low risk. Based on your monthly expenses of $1,300/month you have almost a year’s worth of expenses in the bank. I think you need to redirect the $1,000/month to either your 401K or your student loans or split between the two. I am partial to the student loans because I like to see people get out of debt, it’s a very liberating feeling. Remember that interest saved is the same as interest earned. 
 
Student LoansAs I alluded to above I think your $1,000/month automatically going to your money market fund should be redirected to your student loans. Here’s why, you’re making less than 1% in the money market, when you could be saving 6% by paying off your student loans. Like I said above, interest saved (or not paid) is the same as interest earned.
 
Credit ScoreNot sure what happened that killed you’re credit, but your taking the right steps to improve it. Paying off those student loans and keeping them in good standing (always on time) will go a long way in improving your credit score. This is really a time problem. The more time that passes the better your score will become (holding everything else constant). I recommend that you sign up for a FREE account with Credit Karma to keep up to date with your credit score in real time.
 
I think your number one goal needs to be paying off those student loans. Keep the 401K contribution at 4% of your income so you get your full match. Paying off those student loans is equivalent to earning a 6% return in the market, and given the market is overextended it’s the better option in my opinion.
 
If all you do is redirect your $1K/month from money market to student loans, you will have everything paid off in less than 3 years. Realistically if you also throw that $5K you have in a CD towards your student loan once it matures and take another $5K from your money market you could probably have everything paid off in 15-18 months.
 
Then you free up at least $1,000/month to invest (plus whatever your current monthly student loan payment is).
 
And if you want to be super aggressive you can find ways to increase your income to get that debt eliminated even quicker.
 
I hope all that helps.
 
Cheers,
 
– Gen Y Finance Guy

Readers: Would you recommend anything different to our friend Chas?



Personal Capital allows you to aggregate your entire financial life into one account. All you need to do to see all your accounts in one place is log in to Personal Capital and voila! But it doesn’t stop there. They even automatically classify all your income and expenses for you. You get a FREE and fully AUTOMATED tracking system!

Comments

  1. I think that is all good advice. I would emphasize what you said about making more money, this is difficult but obviously helps solve a lot of problems. Focus on what more you can do at work to advance your career. 2% annual raises are good if you stay in your current job / responsibilities, but the occasional job promotion can be a much more meaningful pay jump.

    The Green Swan

  2. Great advice. The #1 thing that jumped out to me is a $5k CD with student loan debt. Putting that $5k towards paying down the student loan seems obvious to me.

  3. I would go balls to the wall and pay off those student loans ASAP. I also agree with GYFG about raising your income expectations. I would say fuck 2% and think a 100% increase. This will force you to find a new job/career that will explode your earnings potential! Don’t sell yourself short!!

    MDP

    1. Author

      MDP – it’s been a long time.

      Love what you said “Don’t sell yourself short!!”

      Totally agree. I think Chas can do much better on the income side of the equation.

  4. Keep in mind that Chas is in the 25% tax bracket and can deduct all of his student loan interest (about $2,100). That makes his effective student loan tax rate about 4.5%. Still not great, but also not as bad as 6%.

    Given the 25% tax bracket, I’d up my 401K contribution at least another $2-$3K up to the point where all of my income fell into the 15% tax bracket. Since Chas said his income after taxes is about $40K – I’m thinking he has about $2-$3K extra he can put into the 401K. That would be about an extra $250 a month.

    Otherwise, very good advice from GenYFinanceGuy. You don’t need so much money tied up in the CD and money market. Better to reduce the the student loan debt and work on improving your credit.

  5. Age of 28 is the biggest stat I’m looking at: 1) drop emergency fund to 3-6 months of expenses, 2) open/max Roth IRA for the year, 3) attempt to max 401k if good low cost investment choices like index funds, and maybe draw down cd/mm funds to cover monthly expenses while overloading 401k, 4) set a goal for 15% raise by 2017, 5) max 401k and Roth IRA every year after 6) pay off student loans with any free cash flow once this point.

    Retirement accounts are use it or lose it, while debt can be paid off anytime without limit!

  6. I agree regarding income, especially what “My Dividend Pipeline” said regarding not selling yourself short. At only 28 he shouldn’t be complacent in being at $40,000 a year with a 2% increase. This is the time in life to take some additional risk and increase your compensation.

  7. I noticed the goal of 2.3 million, which at 4% would throw off $92k a year, over twice what he is currently making. I agree with the “finance” advice above, and would encourage Chas to also dig into the “personal” side of personal finance. 28 is still a long ways from 65, and some of his live goals might be within closer reach than he thought.

  8. Love this category and Q&A style, I could see it really taking off although difficult to make sure you’re not giving financial “advice” if that makes sense..

    Couldn’t agree more with what you’ve said though, this all makes sense!

    Looking forward to seeing more of it 🙂

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